Mosquito Management for Ponds, Lakes, Rivers & Streams
MozKing can be used to kill developing mosquito larvae populations by being applied to standing water where these larvae are found. Thus it is effective in mosquito management for ponds, lakes, rivers and streams carrying Zika, dengue and other diseases.
MozKing can be sprayed over mosquito habitat such as ponds, lakes, rivers, streams and irrigation ditches and also around homes in areas and containers where water can collect, such as flower pots, ornamental ponds and bird baths.
MozKing does not pose a risk to humans and is safe for use for mosquito control if you are undertaking organic farming.
It is very important to follow the instructions supplied with MozKing to ensure that the product is being used correctly and most effectively.
About MozKing Formulation
MOZKING is produced from a strain of Bacillus subspecies, a naturally occurring bacterium that produces a crystalline protein toxin (crystals) and a spore. The larval activity of MOZKING formulations is due to the presence of protein toxin. The spore has no larvicidal activity.
MOZKING formulations are unique and specifically manufactured to enhance the protein toxin's larvicidal effects and to ensure the toxin's biological stability.
MOZKING is a clear aqueous suspension and watersoluble form specifically formulated to meet the needs of mosquito control industry. Formulation characteristics have been manipulated in order to suspend the active ingredient in the feeding zone of mosquito larvae for an extended period of time.
To ensure high potency and regulate the physical properties of MOZKING, a method of concentration superior to centrifugation is utilized during the manufacturing process. The results in homogenous formulation which is twice filtered through 100 mesh screens to remove any extraneous particulate matter.
Two formulations of MOZKING are currently available:
- MOZKING in 30gram sachets for usage in ponds, dams, streams and stagnant waters,
How MozKing Works
Mosquito and blackfly larvae are killed by ingesting the protein crystal (delta-endotoxin). The crystal is broken down in the larval midgut by a combination of enzymes and the alkaline environment. The epithelium of the midgut is destroyed resulting in gut paralysis, complete loss of ionic regulation between the midgut and hemocoel and larval death. Because MOZKING must be ingested to be affective, the products do not affect pupae, adults, or late larval stages when active feeding has ceased.
Death of larvae is rapid often occurring within one hour after exposure at field use rates. Complete mortality occurs in the laboratory within 24 hours. Blackfly larvae usually die within eight hours of treatment of the stream or river.
EFFECTS ON NON-TARGETED ORGANISMS
MOZKING formulations are naturally occurring and safe to the environment. They show no cross resistance to chemical larvicide’s and are especially well suited for use in areas where there is demonstrated resistance to organophosphates or pyrethroids.
MOZKING formulations do not persist in soil or water. The protein crystals separate from the aquatic environment and settle to the bottom. They are deactivated by becoming food for other microorganisms or being absorbed to soil or other organic particles. Spores do not recycle or regenerate in the field.
MOZKING has no toxic effects on beneficial insects such as lady bird beetles, honeybees, mayflies, dragonflies, damselflies, stoneflies, caddisflies and true bugs. Among Diptera Chaoborous species Ephydra riparia, Musca domestica, Odontomyia species and Polpedilum species are not susceptible to MOSSIKING. Some mortality occurs among Chironomous pulmosus, Chironomous stigmaterus, Dixa species, Goeldichironomous holoprasinus and Palpomyia species but at rates of 10 to 1000 times the field use rates for mosquito larvae control.
Some mortality has been observed against Toxorhynchites larvae that ingested prey immediately following intoxication.
OTHER NON-TARGET SPECIES:
No toxicity has been observed against crustacean including copepod species, Gambusia, oysters, shrimp, crabs, mollusks, flatworms and amphibian.
FACTORS AFFECTING PERFORMANCE:
Water conditions such as temperature, organic matter content, chlorine, some inorganic salts and pH may affect the performance of MOZKING formulations. Larval feeding rates, subsequent ingestion of MOZKING protein toxins and larval mortality rates are positively correlated with water temperature. Organic matter and algae represent an alternative food source for mosquito larvae; the higher labeled rates are therefore, required to assure control. Water habitats containing high levels of mosquito larvae require a greater dose of MOZKING for effective larval control.
Presence of free chlorine or some inorganic salts such as BaCO3, K2CO3 and MgCO3 can inhibit the activity of the protein toxin. The effectiveness of MOZKING is not impacted by pH levels between 4.5 to 9.4. Higher rates of MOZKING dosing are recommended for alkaline habitats with pH levels equal to or greater than 9.4.
For more information please contact us.